KIA Repair and Maintenance Manual, wiring diagrams, engine and transmission diagnostics, error codes, fuse locations. The procedure for changing the oil and filter, replacing the brake fluid and brake pads. The manual can be downloaded in PDF format for free. Manuals for cars: Stonic, Cadenza, Rio, Sorento, Amanti, Borrego, Optima / K5, Forte, Rondo, Sportage, Sedona, Sorento, Niro, Spectra, Carnival, Ceed / Pro Ceed, Stinger, Venga, Carens.
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KIA Motors is one of the largest and oldest companies in Korea. The manufacturer has established its headquarters in Seoul. The brand is currently owned by Hyundai. Hyundai-KIA Automotive Group ranks fifth among all manufacturers. According to the results of the assessment, the company produces more than 1.4 million cars a year. The manufacturer owns more than 14 production sites in eight countries.
The beginning of the brand's history and the political situation in the country - 1940-1950s
In its original form, the company appeared in full name - Kyungsung Precision Industry. The history of KIA begins on May 15, 1944. The opening of the company took place just on the eve of the start of a serious war between North and South Korea.
At the beginning of the journey, the main facilities located in Yangdeungpo were engaged in the production of industrial goods, bicycles, and spare parts. A little later, the management managed to expand the possibilities and organize the development and production of cars - trucks and cars.
Particular attention was paid to the production of bicycles. The first two-wheeler rolled off the assembly line in 1946. At that time, there was a shortage of personal transportation in Korea, so the emergence of personal production was beneficial. A little later, the surplus began to be exported. Over time, it becomes clear that the niche is absolutely free and the Korean brand releases Samcholli-ho.
Despite the demand for products, the company's affairs did not go so smoothly. The outbreak of war had a negative impact on the company's plans. As a result, the main facilities moved to Busan, where they continued to assemble bicycles in relative safety. Of course, we are not talking about a huge automated enterprise, but about artisanal production methods. Despite this, the company was considered advanced, as it significantly outperformed the rest. Korea at that time was a poor and backward country.
In 1952 the company was renamed KIA Industrial Company. The abbreviated name KIA was given to one of the models of the produced bicycle. At the same time, the economic policy and industry of South Korea was in decline. The recovery went slowly.
Park Chunghee, who was at the helm of the state, was obsessed with the idea of economic recovery. Ambitions extended to the designated concern. The automaker received state support. The situation was overshadowed by the only condition that only one company would receive subsidies. KIA was chosen as the front line for the creation of trucks and industrial products, such as machine tools.
In 1955, KIA products became incredibly popular, which led to the emergence of new production sites. In addition, the management decides to expand the number of areas of activity and connects all the reserves to create motor equipment. So, in the 57th year, a scooter appears, and four years later a three-wheeled motorcycle.
Strengthening of positions in own country and in the world market
In 1965, it became possible to send the products manufactured by that time to Western markets. The first South Korean three-wheeled trucks and other vehicles met in North America. From 1967 to 1971, the company was expanding its own production of spare parts and assemblies. As a theoretical basis, the developments of other countries were used. In 1970, one can note the complete elimination of dependence on imported suppliers. Own technologies appear, which make the company noticeable in the world market.
In 1971, KIA introduced the Titan and Boxer trucks. The first cars entered the life of Koreans so tightly that over time, all trucks began to be called "Titans". The extraordinary popularity was provided by all-wheel drive, a maximum load of 3.5-4.5 tons. It was possible to buy KIA with 2.7 and 3.6-liter engines, which were adjacent to a mechanical five-step.
The further fate of the company is influenced by cooperation with the Japanese brand Mazda. In the 71st year, the name is changed to KIA Corporation and an active expansion of the range begins. The KIA range is replenished by passenger cars, the development of which has been going on since the 1960s. True, the first full-fledged car could be released only in 1974. At that time, the government introduces a new long-term development plan for the Korean auto industry. According to him, Kia and Hyundai should work in parallel, without competing with each other. They occupied different positions, since prices for cars were set depending on the size of the engine.
In 1972, the company was granted a license to create a car, which led to the creation of the first automobile motor. Two years later, a whole serial production was launched in Sohari. The first car was KIA Brisa. Upon closer examination, it can be noted that the new KIA is as close as possible to the Mazda 1300. Indeed, the Korean car was created with the support of the Japanese automobile concern. The similarity is not limited only to the appearance, but also to the design features. The novelty got up on a 4-cylinder engine with 985 “cubes”, which produced 55-62 hp. and developed a top speed of 140 km / h. A little later, the model switched to a modern powerful 72 hp engine. In 1975, several copies went to Qatar